|Abubakar Shekau has repeatedly appeared in videos threatening and claiming responsibility for the attacks|
Since the rise of terrorist activities in some parts of the world over the past decade and the proliferation of the Internet, various terrorist groups have also taken advantage of the Internet by sending messages to al-Shabaab. umma and their messages whenever they want.
Organizations such as al-Qaeda, al-Shabab, IS, ISWAP, Boko Haram, etc., many of which operate in the jungle or in remote areas, make videos and use the Internet to spread them.
The Boko Haram sect, which originated in northeastern Nigeria’s Borno State, for example, is believed to be operating in the Sambisa Forest, where it is safe to say that internet access will not be available for uploading or uploading videos. the same weight as the organization does not always blow the air of the message.
Boko Haram recently released a video message after its militants killed more than 70 rice farmers in Zabarmari village in Borno State, and a few days later a video of the group’s message appeared.
This raises a long-standing question that concerns people about how they put the video together. Where do they find the internet that they use to upload videos?
To hear these and other answers, BBC Hausa contacted Barrister Bulama Bukarti, an African security researcher.
Barrister Bukarti, who conducted an investigation last year, said he had discovered that Boko Haram militants had cameras and high-resolution cameras.
“With these phones they take pictures of their attacks and images of themselves they spread. They also have laptops, which they use to compile and edit images.
“And when they set out to spread the pictures and videos, they do it using WhatsApp and Telegram,” Bukarti said.
The researcher said that through the West African branch of IS and ISWAP, they discovered that they had at least 50 WhatsApp chat rooms last year, and that they were open too many because when software companies identify users of the forums they shut them down.
“So they don’t have to shut down and lose access to data, they open so much that when one is closed they have another. They also have a lot of Telegram.
“Then when they are confused they go to Telegram and spread the word about the name of the new Whatsapp account they closed after closing the old one. So they are closed some are reopening others.
“Sometimes when one is closed they open 10 again,” said Barrister Bukarti.
So where do they get the internet again?
Barrister Bukarti said it was possible to investigate and find out that there was no internet in the area where Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau lived.
“But the way they are, they have to take his information on video where he is, then they have to edit it, then they have to send agents to get in a vehicle and search near the city, they usually go near Maiduguri to gain internet power.
The researcher goes on to say that he once found some of their recorded data which said that there were times when they had difficulty accessing the internet so that they spent days going to the suburbs but then the internet refused to be available.
He also said that these Boko Haram fighters were not involved in these activities, as there were many modern and computer experts in them.
“They are reading about how to follow their message without being identified. And from their WhatsApp list, some of the non-Nigerian numbers are from Sudan or Niger. I have never seen a Libyan number.
“It makes it difficult to know who is doing it and they don’t make phone calls. They prefer WhatsApp because it is safer.”
Other members of the WhatsApp community include some from Mali and Burkina Faso, as well as other countries.
Barrister Bukarti said: “It should not be forgotten that there were attacks in Mali and Burkina Faso but ISWAP claimed to have carried out them because they said they had expanded their bases in sub-Saharan Africa.
“They also share photos and videos of their attacks via WhatsApp, which they open, and members of the Nigerian and Arab communities in Iraq and Syria who they assume are also distributing them,” he said. researcher.
Where do they get computers and smartphones?
Every observer has to ask this question where do terrorists get the technology tools they use by recording and broadcasting their videos.
However, Barrister Bukarti is believed to have made a fortune by carrying out raids.
“We know that in the early days of the war there were attacks on banks, schools and government departments, so it is possible that some of the computers and phones were stolen in those areas.
“And we know that now that they have blocked roads and taken them into villages, usually if they block people or destroy them or steal them, then they are more likely to have these goods with them,” Bukarti said.
He added that he had recently interviewed a woman who jumped over a well after Boko Haram militants blocked a car on the road.
“She was lucky they didn’t kill her or kidnap her but they confiscated all their phones and computers.
“That’s how they get smartphones and computers to spread the information they want,” Bukarti said.